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Constructing a Cash Flow Statement

A cash flow statement is used together with the income statement and balance sheet to give you a full financial picture of your business. This is our third section of the accounting series. We give how’s to constructing a cash flow statement with objectives, profit & cash, and calculating operating cash flows within the examples.

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Constructing an Income Statement

The income statement is another name for the small business owner’s profit and loss statement. This is our second section of the accounting series. We will give how’s to constructing an income statement with objectives as explain the format of the income statement, record transactions, and prepare a simple income statement.

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FMB Partner menyediakan jasa penghitungan, pelaporan pajak lengkap dengan penghitungan risiko perpajakannya. Sebelum terhambat, sebelum terlambat, sila tanya dan hubungi kami di  +6221-39728888 atau admin@fmbpartner.com

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Recording Transactions

We have shown you the three key to the financial statements and how’s to balance the balance sheets. Now, it’s time to show you how to record transactions! In this post, we will show the example of the following transactions to be recorded. Have any questions? Leave us comments below with #tanyaFMBpartner!

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Balancing the Balance Sheets

In the previous post, we have shown you the three key to the financial statements. The first key is the balance sheet and in this post, we will explain the format of the balance sheet. Here’s how you balancing the balance sheet that you should know. Have any questions? Leave us comments below with #tanyaFMBpartner!

FMB Partner menyediakan jasa penghitungan, pelaporan pajak lengkap dengan penghitungan risiko perpajakannya. Sebelum terhambat, sebelum terlambat, sila tanya dan hubungi kami di  +6221-39728888 atau admin@fmbpartner.com

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The Three Key Financial Statements

Here are the three key financial statements that you should know! Swipe left to read the whole finance tips! Have any questions? Leave us comments below with #tanyaFMBpartner!

FMB Partner menyediakan jasa penghitungan, pelaporan pajak lengkap dengan penghitungan risiko perpajakannya. Sebelum terhambat, sebelum terlambat, sila tanya dan hubungi kami di  +6221-39728888 atau admin@fmbpartner.com

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Finance Control with ERP/SAP System

Peran Sistem dalam Mengontrol Bisnis

  • Meminimalisasi human error/ kesalahan manusia.
  • Efektif dan efisiensi dalam hal waktu
  • Paper less, bisa mngurangi biaya operasional dalam hal ini pembelian ATK
  • Dapat dilakukan dari mana dan kapan aja (real time)
  • Menghasilkan laporan yang akurat.

Simak slideshow berikut untuk penjelasan lengkap mengontrol bisnis Anda dengan ERP/SAP system:

Bagaimana FMB Partner membantu Anda

FMB Partner dapat membantu Anda dengan jasa one-stop-business-solution mulai dari set up sistem keuangan & akuntansi, pembukuan, review laporan keuangan, analisis laporan keuangan, projeksi keuangan hingga penghitungan dan pelaporan pajak pribadi maupun badan usaha yang komprehensif. Contact us for info and other tax practice at +62 21 397 288 88  or mail to ily@fmbpartner.com

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The progress and challenges of sustainable financing in Indonesia

The World Bank approved in late March a US$300 million loan for Indonesia to assist Indonesia’s reform agenda by among other methods promoting sustainable financing practices in a bid to strengthen the resilience of the financial sector against economic shocks.

Building sustainable financing is not a new idea within the country’s financial system. There have been numerous notable milestones over the years, as this report will explore.

However, as the country has gradually progressed to establishing a sustainable financial system, there has been an ongoing debate whether financing green projects or investing in companies that uphold the environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria will bring good returns. To that end, economists have raised concerns about whether there is an appetite for sustainable investment products in the market.

While the country is still laying down the building blocks, it is important to see what sustainable financing has to offer so that investors will not miss out on its potential benefits while issuers can plan ahead to cater to the growing market.

SRI KEHATI

What is sustainable financing?

Sustainable financing largely refers to any form of financial service that takes into account the ESG criteria to achieve the broader goal of sustainable development.

According to the  Financial  Services Authority (OJK) Roadmap for Sustainable Finance in Indonesia 2015-2019, sustainable financing includes efforts in the financial services industry to mitigate the impact of climate change, to shift toward a competitive low-carbon economy, to promote environmentally friendly investments, as well as to support the 4P development principles as outlined in the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJM), which consist of pro-growth, pro-jobs, pro-poor and pro-environment.

The pursuit of sustainable financing to date

Sustainable financing has been pursued for years. In December 2014, the OJK published a Roadmap for Sustainable Financing in Indonesia, which lays out much of the agenda’s development framework. Three years later, it issued the OJK Regulation (POJK) No. 60/POJK.04/2017 which set out the standard for green bonds issuance in the country. Last year, it appointed eight banks to start channeling loans based on the principle of sustainable financing.

Other stakeholders have also taken part in the agenda. The Finance Ministry issued a green Islamic bond (sukuk) in February 2018 and put Indonesia on the map by becoming the first Asian country to do so. The bond raised $1.25 billion and was used to fund several environmentally friendly projects. The ministry issued another one in February 2019 worth around US$2 billion.

In the local green bond market, state-owned infrastructure financing company PT Sarana Multi Infrastruktur became the first issuer of a corporate green bond in Indonesia, which was issued on July 9, 2018. The company was committed to utilizing 100 percent of the proceeds for green projects, such as the LRT and mini-hydropower plants, meanwhile, POJK No. 60 only required 70 percent of proceeds from green bond sales to be used to finance green projects.

All these efforts are in accordance with Indonesia’s 2005-2025 National Long-Term Development Plan (RPJPN), which states that one of its eight missions is the realization of “a greener and sustainable Indonesia” as it recognizes that “the long term sustainability of development will face the challenges of climate change and global warming which affect activities and livelihood”.

Reported better returns, better resilience

“Sustainability is good business,” a 2020 report written by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) on financing sustainability says.

Of the 161 investors and 154 issuers across the Asia Pacific that the study surveyed, 68 percent of investors and 63 percent of issuers said that their sustainable investments and financing performed better than their traditional equivalents.

It is worth mentioning that for over a quarter of investors, sustainable investing failed to bring about the desired returns. Despite this, the report noted that all of the parties interviewed for the study “firmly debunk the notion that there is no financial benefit to sustainable investing”.

In the local bourse, there is already an indicator that shows the correlation of ESG to higher returns, as measured by the Sustainable and Responsible Investment (SRI) -KEHATI Stock Index. It is the only one of its kind on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) as it focuses on companies that have fulfilled its ESG criteria.

The SRI-KEHATI index tracks the shares of 25 publicly listed companies, among them are agribusiness company PT Astra Agro Lestari, PT Bank Central Asia and food manufacturing giant PT Indofood Sukses Makmur, and according to data provided on the IDX site, the index does better than the IDX main gauge, the Jakarta Composite Index (JCI), and the LQ45 index in terms of returns.

Between Dec. 30, 2009, and Dec. 30, 2019, the SRI-KEHATI index generated a return of 173.66 percent, higher in comparison with the JCI and the LQ45 index, which generated a return of 148.57 percent and 103.59 percent, respectively.

Over the years, the SRI-KEHATI index has also experienced fewer steep falls in comparison with the LQ45. In 2018, for example, when the main gauge’s return fell to a negative 2.5 percent, the LQ45 plunged to a negative 9 percent, meanwhile the SRI-KEHATI only recorded a negative return of 4.3 percent.

Meanwhile, for the year to date, the SRI-KEHATI index fell by 29.65 percent, lower than that of the LQ45 which dropped by 31.64 percent but steeper than that of the JCI, which declined 26.60 percent.

This article originally posted by Jakpost.


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90% Pelaporan SPT Tahunan Lewat E-Filing DJP Online

Sebanyak 95,97% pelaporan surat pemberitahuan (SPT) tahunan dilakukan secara online. Pelaporan secara manual mengalami penurunan.

Berdasarkan data Ditjen Pajak (DJP) realisasi penyampaian SPT tahunan hingga 18 Maret 2020 pukul 07.26 WIB tercatat sebanyak 7,76 juta SPT tahunan. Jumlah tersebut mengalami kenaikan 11,06% dibandingkan dengan periode yang sama pada tahun lalu sebanyak 6,99 juta SPT tahunan.

“Disampaikan update perbandingan jumlah penyampaian SPT tahunan pada 18 Maret 2020 dan 18 Maret 2019. Data diambil hari ini pukul 07.26 WIB,” demikian informasi dari DJP.

Jika melihat saluran pelaporannya, SPT yang disampaikan secara manual ada sekitar 312.669 atau turun sekitar 23,31% dibandingkan dengan realisasi pada 18 Maret 2019 yang tercatat sebanyak 407.704 SPT tahunan.

Dibandingkan dengan total SPT tahunan yang sudah masuk, jumlah penyampaian secara manual ini tercatat hanya mencapai 4,03%. Pada periode yang sama tahun lalu, penyampaian SPT tahunan secara manual tercatat sebanyak 5,83%.

Sementara itu, penyampaian SPT tahunan secara elektronik (online) hingga pagi tadi sebanyak 7,45 juta. Jumlah ini sekaligus menorehkan kenaikan 13,19% dibandingkan performa pelaporan pada periode yang sama tahun lalu sebanyak 6,58 juta.

Jika diperinci, pelaporan SPT melalui e-Filing Ditjen Pajak (DJP) masih mendominasi yaitu 6,91 juta atau 89,03% dari total pelaporan SPT tahunan. Jumlah tersebut meningkat 10,75% dibandingkan periode yang sama tahun lalu 6,24 juta. Namun persentasenya turun tipis karena tahun lalu masih 89,28% dari total pelaporan SPT.

Saluran terbanyak kedua yang dipakai wajib pajak melaporkan SPT tahunan secara elektronik adalah e-Form. Per 18 Maret 2020, pelaporan melalui e-Form mencapai 429.774 (5,54% dari total SPT yang sudah disampaikan), naik hingga 64,13% dibandingkan realisasi pada periode yang sama tahun lalu sebanyak 261.855 (3,75% dari total SPT yang sudah disampaikan). Simak artikel ‘Mau Lapor SPT Pakai E-Filing atau E-Form? Cek Bedanya di Sini’.

Selanjutnya, penyampaian SPT melalui e-SPT tercatat sebanyak 96.253 atau naik 21,51% dibandingkan dengan capaian periode yang sama tahun lalusebanyak 79.216. Adapun persentase pelaporan SPT melalui e-SPT tersebut sebanyak 1,24% dari total SPT yang sudah masuk.

Sementara itu, penyampaian SPT tahunan melalui e-Filing Application Service Provider (ASP) tercatat sebanyak 12.357, melonjak signifikan dibandingkan realisasi pada periode yang sama tahun lalu 150 SPT. Kendati demikian, porsinya hanya 0,16% dari total pelaporan SPT tahunan.

Sumber: DDTC News.


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Solusi kelebihan atau kekurangan bayar pajak

Wajib Pajak (WP) yang mengalami kekurangan pembayaran pajak yang terutang berdasarkan Surat Pemberitahuan (SPT) harus membayar lunas sebelum SPT tersebut disampaikan.

Sebelumnya, WP disarankan untuk membuat e-Filing. Hal ini penting, untuk mempermudah pelaporan pajak. Sehingga, WP tidak perlu datang ke kantor pajak untuk melapor pajak, cukup dengan mengakses djponline.pajak.go.id.

Berikut adalah langkah-langkah pembayaran kekurangan pajak khusus SPT Pribadi:

  1. Datanglah ke Kantor Pelayanan Pajak (KPP) berdomisili atau berdasarkan identitas NPWP Anda, untuk meminta Surat Setoran Pajak (SSP)
  2. Kemudian lakukan pembayaran di Kantor Pos atau di Bank yang telah ditunjuk
  3. Setelah melakukan pembayaran, Anda akan mendapatkan Bukti Penerimaan Negara (BPN)
  4. Kemudian masukan Nomor Transaksi Penerimaan Negara (NTPN) ke dalam e-Filing di kolom Surat Transaksi Penerimaan Negara dan isilah tanggal pembayaran
  5. Simpanlah SPT online
  6. Kirimkan SPT kepada KPP
  7. Selesai

Adapun mengenai kelebihan pembayaran pajak oleh WP, Direktur Penyuluhan dan Pelayanan Humas Direktorat Jenderal Pajak (DJP) Kementerian Keuangan Hestu Yoga Saksama mengatakan, WP dapat menerima pengembalian kelebihan pembayaran pajak (restitusi). Dengan catatan, WP tidak memiliki utang pajak lainnya.

DJP Kemenkeu Hestu Yoga mengatakan, “Jumlah pajak yang dibayar lebih besar dari jumlah pajak yang terutang, wajib pajak dapat mengajukan permohonan restitusi ke DJP melalui KPP tempat terdaftar atau berdomisili,”

Selanjutnya pihak DJP akan melakukan pemeriksaan atas permohonan pengembalian kelebihan pembayaran pajak dan menerbitkan Surat Ketetapan Pajak Lebih Bayar (SKPLB).

Apabila dalam jangka waktu 12 bulan sejak permohonan restitusi dan DJP tidak memberikan keputusan, maka permohonan dianggap dikabulkan, dan SKPLB diterbitkan dalam waktu paling lambat 1 (satu) bulan setelah jangka waktu berakhir.

Dan jika SKPLB terlambat diterbitkan, kepada wajib pajak diberikan imbalan bunga sebesar 2 persen per bulan terhitung sejak berakhirnya jangka waktu satu bulan tersebut sampai dengan saat diterbitkan SKPLB.

Sementara itu, untuk pajak yang seharusnya tidak terutang, WP dapat mengajukan permohonan restitusi ke kantor DJP melalui KPP tempat terdaftar atau berdomisili, apabila terjadi kesalahan pembayaran pajak atas pajak yang seharusnya tidak terutang.

Pihak DJP akan melakukan penelitian terhadap permohonan pengembalian pembayaran pajak yang seharusnya tidak terutang dalam jangka waktu paling lama 3 (tiga) bulan sejak permohonan Wajib Pajak (WP) diterima secara lengkap dan menerbitkan SKPLB bila hasil penelitian tersebut terdapat pembayaran pajak yang seharusnya tidak terutang.

Apabila hasil penelitian tidak terdapat pajak yang seharusnya tidak terutang, maka DJP harus memberitahu secara tertulis kepada wajib pajak.

FMB Partner dapat membantu Anda dalam penghitungan dan pelaporan SPT Pajak pribadi maupun badan usaha yang komprehensif. Contact us for info and other tax practice at +62 21 5082 0033 or mail to ily@fmbpartner.com

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