Somewhere along the way, most of us learn we have to eat our broccoli before we can dive into the M&Ms. This, we’re told, is the responsible way to do things.
This attitude — that the work, as it were, must always come before the fun stuff — follows us into adulthood, turning us into frantic stress monsters before vacations and shut-ins in the days leading up to a big presentation. It seems a sensible if less-than-joyous way to meet adult responsibilities and keep our leisure time free of looming work worries, but according to a fascinating new study, it all might be based on a lie.
Research suggests people should rethink the idea that they’ll enjoy leisure activities more if they get all their work out of the way first.
You’ll be happy to know that science shows you really don’t do yourself any harm if you sometimes gobble dessert before dinner or leave a pile of work sitting on your desk while you head out to play for a bit. In fact, reversing the usual order of things makes us just as happy and perhaps more productive.
To figure this out, a research team led by Ed O’Brien of the University of Chicago designed a series of experiments in which volunteers did something fun — play a creative music-based iPad game or get a free pedicure at a spa the researchers set up in their lab — and also something onerous, such as enduring a battery of grueling cognitive tests.
Some participants were told to have fun first. Others knuckled down straight away and were only rewarded with the fun activity after.
Who enjoyed themselves more?
Our intuition tells us that those whose minds were unclouded by upcoming tasks should have been more able to relax and enjoy their just rewards. And, in fact, that’s exactly what the study participants themselves predicted; most of them told the researchers that fun before work would be significantly less enjoyable than fun that was earned by first completing a task.
But when O’Brien’s team measured how much participants enjoyed their pedicures and other treats, they discovered our instincts are dead wrong.
Fun is just as much fun if you put off work to enjoy it.
“People have this strong intuition that the good stuff will be better if it comes after these difficult things,” O’Brien told the Wall Street Journal, summing up the findings. But “cashing in now feels just as good. What they’re missing is that they could have it any time and good stuff will be good, regardless.”
In fact, contrary to our more puritanical instincts that work must precede play, O’Brien even suggests that sometimes goofing off first is the wiser choice.
“If I first have fun, I’m now in a good mood, more relaxed; I have energy and work may seem easier,” he said.
These sorts of counter-intuitive findings overturn our basic assumptions about the world. But in a Harvard Business Review blog post laying out his research, O’Brien also wrote that his results have significant real world ramifications.
In the tech-saturated modern workplace, there is always more work to do — more emails to answer, more information to absorb. Waiting until all of it is somehow magically “done” is a surefire recipe for burnout.
Instead, O’Brien suggested in Harvard Business Review that dutiful worker bees rethink their attitude toward work and play in three key ways:
Question your assumptions about work before play
“Ask yourself why you’re hesitant to do something fun or to reward yourself,” O’Brien wrote in HBR. “If you find yourself thinking, ‘It’ll detract from my work,’ you might be right. Some leisure can undermine our ability to work afterward. Nobody is recommending having celebratory beers just before you run your 5k. But if you find yourself thinking, ‘It’ll ruin my fun, and the payoff will be better if I wait,’ you might be wrong.”
Visualize yourself having fun
“If you’re worried about taking time off before finishing a big project, you could list the many things you’ll be doing during some vacation to help you remember the fact that enjoyment is immersive. The experience likely won’t be spoiled by your being distracted,” O’Brien wrote.
Ease into amusement before the serious stuff
Not ready to ditch work right before a major crunch period? Then work up to a healthier attitude toward fun by starting small. “Go have some fun (perhaps a quick trip to the spa) with some work left undone. Pay attention to where your attention is in the moment and how work feels once you return to it. The most effective strategy for shedding our biases is to go through an experience ourselves,” O’Brien said.
Banning yourself from pleasure before you’ve cleared your plate at work isn’t being responsible, according to this latest science; it’s your brain playing tricks on you. Ignore the guilt long enough to start having fun, and this study suggests you really won’t regret it.
Now that he’s focusing on this balance, Dr. O’Brien thinks the boost he can gain from sometimes indulging himself can contribute to work success. “Doing work while you’re happy is just such a more productive way of working.”